Last updates


Legal issues

You will find here some articles about several birds’ species.
I can see the most part of these birds in my region. They breed or winter here and I observe them in their natural environment.
Others are seen in captivity, but their story is interesting and I am glad to share it with you.

Basic articles

Description of the bird and its plumage

The bird and its nest, where everything starts… See the Summary of this study

The bird and its nest: the passerines... See the Summary of this study (in progress)

The different bills' shapes

Birds' legs and feet: different shapes

Birds: Courtship displays

From observation to photography… or the contrary?


Introductions or descriptions

Orders and/or Families

Family Accipitridae - Description

Family Accipitridae - List groups

1- Kites, Cuckoo-hawks, Honey-buzzards

2- Fish-eagles - Feeding behaviour

3- Old World Vultures

4- Snake-Eagles, Serpent-Eagles and Bateleur

5- Harrier-hawks - Harriers - Crane Hawk

6- Goshawks, Sparrowhawks, Hawks

7- Buzzards – Hawks – Buzzard-Eagle – Solitary Eagles

8- Hawks of genus Buteo

9- The four large eagles

10- Booted eagles


Birds of Prey (Accipitridae, Cathartidae, Sagittariidae, Pandionidae, Falconidae)

Order Bucerotiformes (Hornbills, ground-hornbills, wood hoopoes, scimitarbills and hoopoes)

Pheasants (Pheasants, peafowls)

Order Anseriformes (Ducks, geese, swans)

Order Passeriformes (Passerines of the world)

Order Psittaciformes (Parrots and cuckatoos)

Family Acanthisittidae (New Zealand wrens)

Family Aegothelidae (Owlet-nightjars)

Family Alcidae (Auks, auklets, guillemots, murrelets, murres, puffins and Razorbill)

Family Anhimidae (Screamers)

Family Anhingidae (Darters and Anhinga)

Family Apterygidae (New Zealand kiwis)

Family Ardeidae (Herons, egrets, night-herons)

Family Bernieridae (Malagasy warblers)

Family Bombycillidae (Waxwings)

Family Brachypteraciidae (Ground-rollers)

Family Callaeidae (Saddleback, Kokako and Huia)

Family Caprimulgidae (Nightjars and Nighthawks)

Family Cathartidae (New World Vultures)

Family Chionidae (Sheathbills)

Family Ciconiidae (Wood Storks, Openbills, Storks)

Family Cinclidae (Dippers of genus Cinclus)

Family Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)

Family Corvidae (Nutcrackers, jackdaws, ravens, crows, jays, magpies, ground jays, treepies)

Family Cuculidae (Cuckoos, malkohas, couas, coucals, roadrunners...)

Family Diomedeidae (Albatrosses)

Family Emberizidae (Old World Buntings)

Family Falconidae (Falcons, caracaras)

Family Fregatidae (Frigatebirds)

Family Fringillidae (Chaffinches, Crossbills, bullfinches, goldfinches, grosbeaks, linnets, euphonias, rosefinches, canaries, siskins, greenfinches)

Family Gaviidae (Divers or Loons)

Family Gruidae (Cranes)

Family Icteridae (Blackbirds, caciques, oropendolas, orioles, troupials, grackles, meadowlarks, cowbirds, Bobolink)

Family Laridae (Gulls, terns, noddies and skimmers)

Family Mesitornithidae (Mesites)

Family Mimidae (Mockingbirds, Thrashers, Tremblers, Catbirds)

Family Mohouidae (Whitehead, Yellowhead and Pipipi)

Family Muscicapidae (Scrub Robins, Robin Chats, Forktails, Flycatchers, Bluethroats, Rock Thrushes, Robins, Redstarts, Magpie-Robins, Bush Chats, Stonechats, Wheatears)

Family Nyctibiidae (Potoos)

Family Opisthocomidae (Hoatzin)

Family Otididae (Bustards, Floricans and Korhaans)

Family Paradisaeidae (Birds-of-paradise, Standardwing, Riflebird, Manucode, Parotia, Paradigalla, Paradise-crow, Crow, Lophorina, Sicklebill and Astrapia)

Family Paridae (Tits, Chickadees, Titmice)

Family Parulidae (New World warblers)

Family Phaethontidae (Tropicbirds)

Family Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants and Shag)

Family Philepittidae (Asities)

Family Phoenicopteridae (Flamingos)

Family Picidae (Woodpeckers, Piculets, Wrynecks)

Family Ploceidae (Weavers and allies)

Family Podargidae (Frogmouths)

Family Podicipedidae (Grebes)

Family Procellariidae (Petrels, Prions, Fulmars, Shearwaters)

Family Ptilonorhynchidae (Catbirds and Bowerbirds)

Family Rallidae (Coots, Moorhens, Crakes, Rails, Swamphens)

Family Rheidae (Rheas)

Family Rhynochetidae (Kagu)

Family Scolopacidae (Snipes, woodcocks, dowitchers, turnstones, sandpipers, ruffs, phalaropes, godwits, curlews, shanks)

Family Spheniscidae (Penguins)

Family Stercorariidae (Skuas and Jaegers)

Family Strigidae (Owls)

Family Strigopidae (Kea, New Zealand Kaka, Kakapo)

Family Sulidae (Boobies and Gannets)

Family Tetraonidae (Grouses)

Family Thinocoridae (Seedsnipes)

Family Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)

Family Troglodytidae (Wrens, Donacobius)

Family Turdidae (Thrushes)

Family Tyrannidae (Tyrants, Flycatchers)

Family Tytonidae (Owls genus Tyto)

Family Upupidae (Hoopoes)

Family Vangidae (Vangas, Newtonias and Ward’s Flycatcher)


Description of one species:

Behaviour, displays, diet, other studies...

The Black Kite

The Common Crane

Darwin's Finches

Eiders... four really strange ducks

The Egyptian Vulture

The Eurasian Griffon Vulture

Eurasian Griffon Vulture's reproduction


The Hen Harrier

Loro Parque Foundation and Parrots

The Northern Gannet, an acrobat in the sky

Parrots and clay… an old story !

Parakeets, the little green invaders!

The Song Thrush

The Spix’s Macaw – The story

Storks in black and white

Vultures, cattle... and dogs

White-throated Dipper, the bird flying underwater!

The Wryneck


Island's birds - Endemic species

Island's birds - Endemic species (Main page)

Endemic bird’s species - Puerto Rico

Endemic bird's species - Cuba

Endemic bird's species - Jamaica

Endemic bird’s species - Trinidad and Tobago

Endemic bird’s species - Cocos Island (Costa Rica)

Avian Species of Clipperton Island

Avian Species of Desventuradas Islands

Endemic bird species of Juan Fernández Islands

Endemic bird’s species - Galapagos Islands

Endemic bird's species - Cyprus

Endemic bird's species - Seychelles

Endemic bird's species - Mayotte

Endemic bird's species - Madagascar

Endemic bird's species - La Reunion

Endemic bird's species - Mauritius

Tromelin Island avian bird species

Sri Lanka endemic bird species

Mauritius and Rodrigues Islands extinct endemic bird species

Endemic bird’s species - Canary Islands

Endemic bird's species - UK Sub Antarctic Islands

Avian species of South Shetland Islands

Endemic bird's species - French Subantarctic Islands

Avian species of Norwegian Sub Antarctic Islands

Avian species of South African Sub Antarctic Islands

Endemic bird’s species - Australian Sub Antarctic Islands

Endemic bird's species - New Zealand Sub Antarctic Islands

Endemic bird's species - Chatham Islands

Endemic bird's species - New Zealand

New Zealand extinct endemic bird species

Endemic bird species - Vanuatu

Endemic bird's species - Falkland Islands

Franz Josef Land - Russian Arctic National Park

Novaya Zemlya - Arctic Ocean in northern Russia

Severnaya Zemlya (Russian high Arctic)

New Siberian Islands (Russian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean)

Wrangel Island - Arctic Ocean

Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (Norway territories in the Arctic Ocean)

Surtsey Island (Off Iceland)

Westman Islands (Off Iceland)

Baffin Island

Diomede Islands

Aleutian Islands

Pribilof Islands

St. Lawrence Island









The bird, this flying marvel so envied by humans, could have the Archaeopteryx as ancestor, known like the earliest bird up to now. However, without being their direct forefather, it is regarded as the most ancient bird, closely related to dinosaurs.

The bird, as we know it today, is living with us every day. Whether on the tree outside the window, under the house’s porch, in the garden, in town, in the countryside, at sea or in mountains, it is living everywhere.
Some species adapt easily to humans, whereas others, more unobtrusive, remain hidden in the forests. The seabirds fly over the waves off the crowded beaches in summer. The mountain birds share more peaceful habitat, but requiring specific qualities to survive in spite of harsh winters.

Each of them moves into a habitat suited to their needs. A bird, whatever it is, must find food, water, and nest-sites for breeding. When it does not find these things that are essential to its survival and that of its species, it goes elsewhere. It migrates, sometimes thousands of kilometers away, to find that it lacks here.

The problem of our modern world is that man occupies more and more space on earth, to the detriment of Nature and its inhabitants. Thus some species are declining, due to habitat loss. Fragmentation and clearing of forests, drainage of wetlands, construction of roads, pollution, are causing severe degradation to numerous habitat types. Thus, the bird has no more trees to nest near its feeding area or water, egg shells are weakened by the ingestion of toxic substances related to agriculture, their favorite preys become scarce. Species already begins to suffer ...

However, the most opportunistic are able to benefit from these changes, adapt and survive, showing how a healthy Nature is necessary for their survival.
Each species has adapted to an environment where balance is shaky. We must to preserve it!

The species' names can be found here: Avibase (Lepage Denis)