Eaton's Pintail

Otto Plantema
Trips around the world




The French Southern and Antarctic Lands comprise several islands and islets in the Indian Ocean and Terre Adelie, a small portion of the Antarctica continent. Only the island birds are studied here. 
They are forming an overseas territory of France. 

The Scattered Islands (40 km ²) are small Islands in the Indian Ocean scattered around Madagascar, most of them located in the Mozambique Channel.   
Bassas da India – Europa Island – Glorioso Islands – Juan de Nova Island – Tromelin Island

District of Saint- Paul (8 km ²) and Amsterdam (54 km ²)
District Crozet (115 km ²)
District Kerguelen (7215 km ²)

All these islands are located in the Southern Indian Ocean, more than 15 000 km from France. These inhospitable and isolated areas, with temperatures between 0°C and -45°C, and strong, constant winds of up to 250km/hour.   
However, numerous bird species breed there, such as penguins, albatrosses, petrels, cormorants, skuas, gulls, terns and others.
They also shelter:

Three endemic bird species:   

Amsterdam Albatross - Diomedea amsterdamensis - Albatros d'Amsterdam

Eaton’s Pintail - Anas eatoni - Canard d’Eaton

Kerguelen Shag - Leucocarbo verrucosus - Cormoran des Kerguelen


Other species present on these islands:

Adelie Penguin - Pygoscelis adeliae - Manchot d’Adélie

Australasian Gannet - Morus serrator - Fou austral

Bar-tailed Godwit - Limosa lapponica - Barge rousse

Black-browed Albatross - Thalassarche melanophris - Albatros à sourcils noirs

Black-crowned Night Heron – Nycticorax nycticorax – Bihoreau gris

Brown Skua – Stercorarius antarcticus - Labbe antarctique

Chinstrap Penguin - Pygoscelis antarctica - Manchot à jugulaire

Common Cuckoo - Cuculus canorus - Coucou gris

Eleonora’s Falcon - Falco eleonorae - Faucon d’Eléonore

Emperor Penguin - Aptenodytes forsteri - Manchot empereur

Gentoo Penguin - Pygoscelis papua - Manchot papou

Kelp Gull - Larus dominicanus – Goéland dominicain

King Penguin - Aptenodytes patagonicus - Manchot Royal

Light-mantled Albatross - Phoebetria palpebrata - Albatros fuligineux

Macaroni Penguin – Eudyptes chrysolophus – Gorfou doré

Northern Giant-Petrel – Macronectes halli – Pétrel de Hall

Northern Rockhopper Penguin - Eudyptes moseleyi - Gorfou de Moseley

Royal Penguin - Eudyptes schlegeli - Gorfou de Schlegel

Ruddy Turnstone - Arenaria interpres - Tournepierre à collier

Sanderling – Calidris alba - Bécasseau sanderling

Sooty Tern - Onychoprion fuscatus - Sterne fuligineuse

Wandering Albatross - Diomedea exulans - Albatros hurleur

Whimbrel – Numenius phaeopus – Courlis corlieu

White-chinned Petrel - Procellaria aequinoctialis - Puffin à menton blanc



Otto Plantema
Trips around the world

Sources :

A Complete Guide to Antarctic Wildlife by Hadoram Shirihai and Illustrated by Brett Jarrett - Edited by Guy M. Kirwan - ALUL.A Press Oy, Finland - ISBN 9519894705

Avibase (Lepage Denis)

BirdLife International (BirdLife International)

Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia

Institut Polaire Français IPEV – Paul Emile Victor

Réserves Naturelles de France - Terres australes françaises

Terres Australes et Antarctiques Françaises