ST. LAWRENCE ISLAND BIRD SPECIES

 

St. Lawrence Island is located in the Bering Sea, W of mainland Alaska, S of Bering Strait. On the other side, Gambell, a village located in NW Cape of the island, is only 58 kilometres from the Chukchi Peninsula in the Russian Far East. This island is about 140 kilometres long and 13-36 kilometres wide. There is no trees, only Arctic willows, a dwarf species of 30 centimetres high.
The Anadyr Current involves cold, nutrient-rich water brought from the deep waters of the shelf edge of the Bering Sea. Abundant seabirds and marine mammals are the result of this current influence. A persistent polynya occurs in the south of the island. There are two villages on the northern coast, Gambell with 650 inhabitants and Savoonga with 670 inhabitants.  

Gambell is the westernmost point of the USA and one of the most remote places for birding. The white McKay’s Bunting is a true Bering speciality, but its global population is estimated to number only 18,400/23,700 individuals.

Savoonga is on the northern coast, 63 kilometres SE of Gambell. Local people hunts for walrus and bowhead whales. Good hunting and trapping attracted more residents in this area.

During winter, the Spectacled Eiders congregate at St. Lawrence Island Polynya in dense flocks in openings of the pack ice. They use this area as wintering grounds.

St. Lawrence hosts today up to 2.7 million seabirds nesting on the island. Puffins, aucklets, murres, kittiwakes, eiders, loons and numerous other species can be seen while migrating to their Arctic breeding grounds, or nesting there.

St. Lawrence is probably one of the last exposed portions of the land bridge between Asia and North America. It is considered part of the Bering Sea Volcanic Province, a group of volcanic fields in W Alaska.  

Text by Nicole Bouglouan

Text Sources:

Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia

Audubon

TravelAlaska.com - Official State of Alaska Vacation and Travel Information

Biotope.no - Gambell, St.Lawrence Island - Alaska spring birding

THE BIRDS OF GAMBELL AND ST. LAWRENCE ISLAND, ALASKA

 

Bird Species list:

Sources: Avibase (Lepage Denis)

 

Alder Flycatcher - Empidonax alnorum – Moucherolle des aulnes

Aleutian Tern - Onychoprion aleuticus - Sterne des Aléoutiennes

American Crow – Corvus brachyrhynchos – Corneille d’Amérique

American Golden Plover – Pluvialis dominica – Pluvier bronzé

American Robin – Turdus migratorius – Merle d’Amérique

American Tree Sparrow – Spizella arborea – Bruant hudsonien

American Wigeon - Mareca Americana – Canard d’Amérique

Ancient Murrelet - Synthliboramphus antiquus - Guillemot à cou blanc

Arctic Redpoll or Hoary Redpoll - Acanthis hornemanni - Sizerin blanchâtre

Arctic Tern - Sterna paradisaea – Sterne arctique

Arctic Warbler - Phylloscopus borealis - Pouillot boréal

Asian Brown Flycatcher - Muscicapa dauurica – Gobemouche brun  

Baird’s Sandpiper - Calidris bairdii - Bécasseau de Baird

Barn Swallow - Hirundo rustica - Hirondelle rustique

Barrow’s Goldeneye - Bucephala islandica - Garrot d’Islande

Bar-tailed Godwit - Limosa lapponica - Barge rousse

Black Guillemot - Cepphus grylle - Guillemot à miroir

Black-headed Gull – Chroicocephalus ridibundus – Mouette rieuse

Black-legged Kittiwake - Rissa tridactyla - Mouette tridactyle

Blackpoll Warbler - Setophaga striata – Paruline rayée

Black Scoter - Melanitta americana - Macreuse à bec jaune

Black-tailed Godwit - Limosa limosa - Barge à queue noire

Black-tailed Gull - Larus crassirostris - Goéland à queue noire

Black-throated Diver (Loon) - Gavia arctica -  Plongeon arctique

Black Turnstone - Arenaria melanocephala - Tournepierre noir

Bluethroat - Luscinia svecica - Gorgebleue à miroir

Boreal Owl - Aegolius funereus - Nyctale de Tengmalm

Brambling - Fringilla montifringilla - Pinson du Nord

Brant Goose - Branta bernicla - Bernache cravant

Bristle-thighed Curlew - Numenius tahitiensis - Courlis d’Alaska

Brown-headed Cowbird – Molothrus ater – Vacher à tête brune

Brown Shrike - Lanius cristatus - Pie-grièche brune

Buff-bellied Pipit - Anthus rubescens - Pipit farlousane

Buff-breasted Sandpiper - Tryngites subruficollis - Bécasseau roussâtre 

Bufflehead - Bucephala albeola – Petit Garrot

Bullock’s Oriole - Icterus bullockii – Oriole de Bullock

Cackling Goose - Branta hutchinsii – Bernache de Hutchins

Cape May Warbler - Setophaga tigrina - Paruline tigrée

Chinese Pond-heron – Ardeola bacchus – Crabier chinois

Chipping Sparrow – Spizella passerina – Bruant familier

Cliff Swallow - Petrochelidon pyrrhonota - Hirondelle à front blanc

Common Chiffchaff - Phylloscopus collybita - Pouillot véloce

Common Eider - Somateria mollissima - Eider à duvet

Common Goldeneye - Bucephala clangula – Garrot à œil d’or

Common Greenshank - Tringa nebularia - Chevalier aboyeur

Common House Martin - Delichon urbicum - Hirondelle de fenêtre

Common Murre - Uria aalge - Guillemot de Troïl

Common Nighthawk - Chordeiles minor - Engoulevent d’Amérique

Common Pochard - Aythya ferina – Fuligule milouin

Common Raven – Corvus corax - Grand corbeau

Common Redpoll - Acanthis flammea - Sizerin flammé

Common Ringed Plover - Charadrius hiaticula - Pluvier grand-gravelot

Common Rosefinch - Carpodacus erythrynus – Roselin cramoisi

Common Sandpiper - Actitis hypoleucos - Chevalier guignette

Common Snipe – Gallinago gallinago - Bécassine des marais

Common Tern - Sterna hirundo - Sterne pierregarin

Crested Auklet - Aethia cristatella - Starique cristatelle

Curlew Sandpiper - Calidris ferruginea - Bécasseau cocorli   

Double-crested Cormorant - Phalacrocorax auritus – Cormoran à aigrettes

Dunlin - Calidris alpina - Bécasseau variable

Dusky Thrush - Turdus eunomus - Grive à ailes rousses

Dusky Warbler - Phylloscopus fuscatus – Pouillot brun

Eastern Warbling Vireo - Vireo gilvus - Vireo mélodieux

Eastern Yellow Wagtail - Motacilla tschutschensis - Bergeronnette de Béringie

Emperor Goose - Chen canagica - Oie empereur

Eurasian Bullfinch - Pyrrhula pyrrhula - Bouvreuil pivoine

Eurasian Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus - Pluvier guignard

Eurasian Hobby - Falco subbuteo - Faucon hobereau

Eurasian Teal - Anas crecca - Sarcelle d’hiver

Eurasian Wigeon - Anas penelope - Canard siffleur

Eyebrowed Thrush - Turdus obscurus – Merle obscur

Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel - Oceanodroma furcata - Océanite à queue fourchue

Fox Sparrow – Passerella iliaca – Bruant fauve

Gadwall - Anas strepera - Canard chipeau

Glaucous Gull - Larus hyperboreus - Goéland bourgmestre

Glaucous-winged Gull - Larus glaucescens - Goéland à ailes grises

Golden-crowned Kinglet - Regulus satrapa – Roitelet à couronne dorée  

Golden-crowned Sparrow - Zonotrichia atricapilla - Bruant à couronne dorée

Goosander - Mergus merganser - Harle bièvre

Great Knot - Calidris tenuirostris – Bécasseau de l’Anadyr

Great Northern Diver or Common Loon - Gavia immer - Plongeon imbrin

Greater Scaup - Aythya marila - Fuligule milouinan

Greater White-fronted Goose - Anser albifrons - Oie rieuse

Greater Yellowlegs - Tringa melanoleuca - Chevalier criard

Green Sandpiper - Tringa ochropus - Chevalier culblanc

Grey-cheeked Thrush - Catharus minimus - Grive à joues grises

Grey Plover - Pluvialis squatarola - Pluvier argenté

Grey-tailed Tattler - Tringa brevipes – Chevalier de Sibérie

Gyrfalcon - Falco rusticolus - Faucon gerfaut

Harlequin Duck - Histrionicus histrionicus - Arlequin plongeur

Hawfinch – Coccothraustes coccothraustes – Grosbec casse-noyaux

Hermit Thrush - Catharus guttatus – Grive solitaire

Herring Gull – Larus argentatus – Goéland argenté

House Sparrow - Passer domesticus - Moineau domestique

Hooded Merganser - Lophodytes cucullatus - Harle couronné

Horned Grebe - Podiceps auritus - Grèbe esclavon

Horned Lark - Eremophila alpestris – Alouette hausse-col

Horned Puffin - Fratercula corniculata - Macareux cornu

Hudsonian Godwit - Limosa haemastica - Barge hudsonienne

Iceland Gull - Larus glaucoides - Goéland arctique

Ivory Gull - Pagophila eburnea - Mouette blanche

Jack Snipe - Lymnocryptes minimus - Bécassine sourde

Killdeer - Charadrius vociferous - Pluvier kildir

Kittlitz’s Murrelet - Brachyramphus brevirostris - Guillemot de Kittlitz

King Eider - Somateria spectabilis - Eider à tête grise 

Lanceolated Warbler - Locustella lanceolata - Locustelle lancéolée

Lapland Longspur - Calcarius lapponicus - Bruant lapon ou Plectrophane lapon

Least Auklet - Aethia pusilla - Starique minuscule

Least Flycatcher - Empidonax minimus – Moucherolle tchébec

Least Sandpiper - Calidris minutilla - Bécasseau minuscule

Lesser Sand-Plover - Charadrius mongolus – Pluvier de Mongolie

Lesser Scaup - Aythya affinis – Petit Fuligule

Lesser Yellowlegs - Tringa flavipes - Chevalier à pattes jaunes

Lincoln’s Sparrow – Melospiza lincolnii – Bruant de Lincoln

Little Auk or Dovekie - Alle alle - Mergule nain

Little Bunting - Emberiza pusilla - Bruant nain

Little Gull - Hydrocoloeus minutus - Mouette pygmée

Little Stint - Calidris minuta - Bécasseau minute

Long-billed Dowitcher - Limnodromus scolopaceus - Bécassin à long bec

Long-tailed Duck - Clangula hyemalis - Harelde boréale

Long-tailed Jaeger - Stercorarius longicaudus - Labbe à longue queue

Long-toed Stint - Calidris subminuta - Bécasseau à longs doigts

McKay's Bunting - Plectrophenax hyperboreus - Bruant blanc ou Plectrophane blanc

Mallard – Anas platyrhynchos – Canard colvert

Mangrove (Yellow) Warbler - Setophaga petechia - Paruline jaune

Marbled Godwit - Limosa fedoa - Barge marbrée  

Marbled Murrelet - Brachyramphus marmoratus - Guillemot marbré

McKay’s Bunting - Plectrophenax hyperboreus – Plectrophane blanc

Merlin - Falco columbarius - Faucon émerillon

Mew Gull or Common Gull - Larus canus - Goéland cendré 

Middendorff’s Grasshopper-Warbler - Locustella ochotensis – Locustelle de Middendorff 

Mourning Warbler - Geothlypis philadelphia - Paruline triste

Naumann’s Thrush - Turdus naumanni –  Grive de Naumann

Northern Flicker – Colaptes auratus – Pic flamboyant

Northern Fulmar – Fulmarus glacialis – Fulmar boreal

Northern Mockingbird – Mimus polyglottos – Moqueur polyglotte

Northern Pintail - Anas acuta - Canard pilet

Northern Saw-whet owl – Aegolius acadicus – Petite nyctale

Northern Shoveler - Anas clypeata - Canard souchet

Northern Shrike - Lanius borealis – Pie-grièche boréale

Northern Waterthrush - Parkesia noveboracensis – Paruline des ruisseaux

Northern Wheatear - Oenanthe oenanthe - Traquet motteux

Olive-backed Pipit - Anthus hodqsoni – Pipit à dos olive

Orange-crowned Warbler - Leiothlypis celata - Paruline verdâtre

Oriental Pratincole - Glareola maldivarum - Glaréole orientale

Oriental Turtle-Dove - Streptopelia orientalis – Tourterelle orientale 

Osprey – Pandion Haliaetus – Balbuzard pêcheur

Ovenbird – Seiurus aurocapilla – Paruline couronnée

Pacific Golden Plover - Pluvialis fulva - Pluvier fauve

Pacific Loon (Diver) - Gavia pacifica - Plongeon du Pacifique

Pacific-slope Flycatcher - Empidonax difficilis – Moucherolle côtier  

Pallas’s Bunting - Emberiza pallasi – Bruant de Pallas

Parakeet Auklet - Aethia psittacula - Starique perroquet

Parasitic Jaeger or Arctic Skua - Stercorarius parasiticus - Labbe parasite

Pectoral Sandpiper - Calidris melanotos - Bécasseau tacheté 

Pelagic Cormorant - Phalacrocorax pelagicus - Cormoran pélagique

Peregrine Falcon - Falco peregrinus - Faucon pèlerin

Petchora Pipit - Anthus gustavi – Pipit de la Petchora

Pigeon Guillemot - Cepphus columba - Guillemot colombin

Pine Bunting - Emberiza leucocephalos – Bruant à calotte blanche

Pine Siskin - Spinus pinus – Tarin des pins

Pintail Snipe ou Pin-tailed Snipe - Gallinago stenura - Bécassine à queue pointue

Pomarine Skua or Jaeger - Stercorarius  pomarinus - Labbe pomarin

Purple Finch – Carpodacus purpureus – Roselin pourpré

Red-breasted Merganser - Mergus serrator - Harle huppé

Red-breasted Nuthach – Sitta Canadensis – Sittelle à poitrine rousse

Red Crossbill - Loxia curvirostra - Bec-croisé des sapins

Red-flanked Bluetail - Tarsiger cyanurus – Robin à flancs roux

Redhead - Aythya americana – Fuligule à tête rouge

Red Knot - Calidris canutus - Bécasseau maubèche 

Red-legged Kittiwake - Rissa brevirostris - Mouette des brumes

Red-necked Grebe - Podiceps grisegena - Grèbe jougris

Red-necked Phalarope - Phalaropus lobatus - Phalarope à bec étroit

Red-necked Stint - Calidris ruficollis - Bécasseau à col roux

Red Phalarope - Phalaropus fulicarius - Phalarope à bec large

Red-throated Diver (Loon) - Gavia stellata - Plongeon catmarin

Red-throated Pipit - Anthus cervinus - Pipit à gorge rousse

Red-winged Blackbird – Agelaius phoeniceus – Carouge à épaulettes

Rhinoceros Auklet - Cerorhinca monocerata - Macareux rhinocéros

River Warbler (or Eurasian RW)- Locustella fluviatilis - Locustelle fluviatile

Rock Ptarmigan - Lagopus muta - Lagopède alpin

Rock Sandpiper - Calidris ptilocnemis – Bécasseau des Aléoutiennes 

Ross’s Gull - Rhodostethia rosea - Mouette de Ross

Rough-legged Buzzard - Buteo lagopus - Buse pattue

Ruby-crowned Kinglet – Regulus calendula - Roitelet à couronne rubis

Ruddy Turnstone - Arenaria interpres - Tournepierre à collier

Ruff - Philomachus pugnax - Combattant varié

Rustic Bunting - Emberiza rustica - Bruant rustique

Rusty Blackbird - Euphagus carolinus – Quiscale rouilleux    

Sabine’s Gull - Xema sabini - Mouette de Sabine

Sand Martin - Riparia riparia - Hirondelle de rivage

Sanderling – Calidris alba - Bécasseau sanderling

Sandhill Crane – Grus canadensis – Grue du Canada

Savannah Sparrow – Passerculus sandwichensis - Bruant des prés 

Sedge Warbler - Acrocephalus schoenobaenus - Phragmite des joncs

Semipalmated Plover - Charadrius semipalmatus – Gravelot semipalmé

Semipalmated Sandpiper - Calidris pusilla - Bécasseau semipalmé

Short-billed Dowitcher - Limnodromus griseus – Bécassin roux

Sharp-tailed Sandpiper - Calidris acuminata - Bécasseau à queue pointue

Short-eared Owl - Asio flammeus - Hibou des marais

Short-tailed Albatross - Phoebastria albatrus - Albatros à queue courte

Short-tailed Shearwater - Ardenna tenuirostris - Puffin à bec grêle

Siberian Accentor - Prunella montanella - Accenteur montanelle

Siberian Blue Robin - Larvivora cyane – Rossignol bleu

Siberian Rubythroat - Calliope calliope - Rossignol calliope

Siberian Stonechat - Saxicola maurus - Traquet de Sibérie   

Sky Lark – Alauda arvensis – Alouette des champs

Slaty-backed Gull - Larus schistisagus - Goéland à manteau ardoisé

Smew - Mergellus albellus - Harle piette

Snow Bunting - Plectrophenax nivalis - Bruant des neiges ou Plectrophane des neiges

Snow Goose - Chen caerulescens - Oie des neiges

Snowy Owl - Bubo scandiacus – Harfang des neiges

Spectacled Eider - Somateria fischeri - Eider à lunettes

Spotted Sandpiper - Actitis macularius - Chevalier grivelé

Steller’s Eider - Polysticta stelleri - Eider de Steller

Surf Scoter - Melanitta perspicillata - Macreuse à front blanc

Swainson’s Thrush - Catharus ustulatus - Grive à dos olive

Temminck’s Stint - Calidris temminckii - Bécasseau de Temminck

Tennessee Warbler - Leiothlypis peregrina - Paruline obscure

Thick-billed Murre - Uria lomvia - Guillemot de Brünnich

Townsend’s Solitaire - Myadestes townsendi – Solitaire de Townsend  

Townsend’s Warbler - Setophaga townsendi - Paruline de Townsend

Tree Swallow – Tachycineta bicolour – Hirondelle bicolore

Tufted Duck - Aythya fuligula - Fuligule morillon

Tufted Puffin - Fratercula cirrhata - Macareux huppé

Tundra Bean Goose - Anser serrirostris - Oie de la toundra

Tundra Swan - Cygnus columbianus - Cygne de la toundra 

Varied Thrush – Ixoreus naevia – Grive à collier

Velvet Scoter - Melanitta fusca - Macreuse brune

Violet-green Swallow - Tachycineta thalassina - Hirondelle à face blanche

Wandering Tattler - Tringa incana - Chevalier errant

Western Sandpiper - Calidris mauri – Bécasseau d’Alaska

Whimbrel – Numenius phaeopus – Courlis corlieu

White-crowned Sparrow – Zonotrichia leucophrys - Bruant à couronne blanche

White-tailed Sea-Eagle – Haliaeetus albicilla – Pygargue à queue blanche

White Wagtail - Motacilla alba - Bergeronnette grise

White-winged Crossbill – Loxia leucoptera – Bec-croisé bifascié

Whooper Swan – Cygnus Cygnus – Cygne chanteur

Willow Flycatcher - Empidonax traillii – Moucherolle des saules

Willow Ptarmigan - Lagopus lagopus - Lagopède des saules

Willow Warbler - Phylloscopus trochilus - Pouillot fitis

Wilson’s Snipe - Gallinago delicata - Bécassine de Wilson

Wilson’s Warbler – Cardellina pusilla – Paruline à calotte noire

Wood Sandpiper - Tringa glareola - Chevalier sylvain

Wood Warbler - Phylloscopus sibilatrix – Pouillot siffleur  

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher - Empidonax flaviventris – Moucherolle à ventre jaune  

Yellow-billed Loon or White-billed Diver - Gavia adamsii - Plongeon à bec blanc

Yellow-breasted Bunting - Emberiza aureola – Bruant auréole

Yellow-browed Warbler - Phylloscopus inornatus - Pouillot à grands sourcils

Yellow-rumped Warbler – Setophaga coronata – Paruline à croupion jaune

 

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