Bird list:

Arctic Tern - Sterna paradisaea – Sterne arctique

Atlantic Puffin – Fratercula arctica – Macareux moine

Barnacle Goose - Branta leucopsis - Bernache nonnette 

Black Guillemot - Cepphus grylle - Guillemot à miroir 

Black-legged Kittiwake - Rissa tridactyla - Mouette tridactyle 

Black-throated Diver (Loon) - Gavia arctica -  Plongeon arctique

Boreal Owl - Aegolius funereus - Nyctale de Tengmalm

Brant Goose - Branta bernicla - Bernache cravant 

Citrine Wagtail - Motacilla citreola – Bergeronnette citrine

Common Eider - Somateria mollissima - Eider à duvet 

Common Goldeneye - Bucephala clangula – Garrot à œil d’or

Common Kestrel – Falco tinnunculus – Faucon crècerelle 

Common Murre - Uria aalge - Guillemot de Troïl 

Common Ringed Plover - Charadrius hiaticula - Pluvier grand-gravelot

Common Sandpiper - Actitis hypoleucos - Chevalier guignette

Common Scoter - Melanitta nigra - Macreuse noire

Dunlin - Calidris alpina - Bécasseau variable 

Eurasian Teal - Anas crecca - Sarcelle d’hiver

Glaucous Gull - Larus hyperboreus - Goéland bourgmestre 

Greater White-fronted Goose - Anser albifrons - Oie rieuse

Harlequin Duck - Histrionicus histrionicus - Arlequin plongeur 

Horned Lark - Eremophila alpestris – Alouette hausse-col 

King Eider - Somateria spectabilis - Eider à tête grise

Lapland Longspur - Calcarius lapponicus - Bruant lapon ou Plectrophane lapon

Little Auk or Dovekie - Alle alle - Mergule nain

Little Stint - Calidris minuta - Bécasseau minute

Long-tailed Jaeger - Stercorarius longicaudus - Labbe à longue queue

Mallard – Anas platyrhynchos – Canard colvert  

Merlin - Falco columbarius - Faucon émerillon 

Northern Fulmar – Fulmarus glacialis – Fulmar boreal

Northern Harrier - Circus cyaneus hudsonius - Busard d’Amérique

Northern Pintail - Anas acuta - Canard pilet 

Northern Wheatear - Oenanthe oenanthe - Traquet motteux

Parasitic Jaeger or Arctic Skua - Stercorarius parasiticus - Labbe parasite

Peregrine Falcon - Falco peregrinus - Faucon pèlerin

Pomarine Skua or Jaeger - Stercorarius pomarinus - Labbe pomarin

Purple Sandpiper - Calidris maritima - Bécasseau violet

Osprey – Pandion Haliaetus – Balbuzard pêcheur 

Razorbill - Alca torda - Petit Pingouin (Pingouin torda)

Red-breasted Merganser - Mergus serrator - Harle huppé 

Red Phalarope - Phalaropus fulicarius - Phalarope à bec large 

Red-throated Diver (Loon) - Gavia stellata - Plongeon catmarin

Rhinoceros Auklet - Cerorhinca monocerata - Macareux rhinocéros

Ruddy Turnstone - Arenaria interpres - Tournepierre à collier

Snow Bunting - Plectrophenax nivalis - Bruant des neiges ou Plectrophane des neiges 

Snowy Owl - Bubo scandiacus – Harfang des neiges

Thick-billed Murre - Uria lomvia - Guillemot de Brünnich

Tufted Duck - Aythya fuligula - Fuligule morillon

Tundra Bean Goose - Anser serrirostris - Oie de la toundra

Tundra Swan - Cygnus columbianus - Cygne de la toundra

White Wagtail - Motacilla alba - Bergeronnette grise

Yellow-billed Loon or White-billed Diver - Gavia adamsii - Plongeon à bec blanc



Avibase (Lepage Denis)


Tundra Swan

Ingo Waschkies
Bird Photography


Arctic Ocean in northern Russia


Novaya Zemlya is a mountainous archipelago that consists of two main islands, Severny (northern) and Yuzhny (southern). These large islands are separated by the narrow (2-3 km) Matochkin Strait that connects the Barents Sea and the Kara Sea. Numerous smaller islands are also part of the archipelago located in the Arctic Ocean in northern Russia (from which it is administratively dependent), off the extreme NE coast of Europe. The archipelago extends over an area of 90,650 square kilometres.

These mountainous islands are an extension of the northern Urals, with the highest point, located on Severny Island at 1,547 metres of elevation. The northernmost half of Severny is covered with ice, whereas the southern part is a barren Arctic desert. The southern island, Yuzhny, is covered with tundra, but there are no trees or bushes. The temperatures vary from 6,4°C in July to -22°C in January.

The southern island is partly inhabited, but today, people living there only engage in reindeer herding and trapping, hunting and fishing. Formerly, between 1955 and 1990, this region was a site of nuclear testing.

Novaya Zemlya wildlife includes Polar Fox and Polar Bear, reindeers and lemmings, and a variety of bird species, and especially geese. The ecology in influenced by the severe weather conditions.

There is no endemic bird species, but some nesting birds occur regularly in these cold and icy landscapes.


Text by Nicole Bouglouan    
Sources for the text:

Novaya Zemlya Archipelago

Kola Travel

Novaya Zemlya: The Extreme of Europe

Novaya Zemlya: birds, animals adapt to nuclear test site

Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia

Barnacle Goose

Otto Plantema
Trips around the world