Helmet Vanga

William Price

Endemic species list:

Sources: Avibase (Lepage Denis)


Appert’s Tetraka - Xanthomixis apperti - Bulbul d’Appert

Archbold’s Newtonia - Newtonia archboldi - Newtonie d’Archbold

Banded Kestrel - Falco zoniventris - Faucon à ventre rayé

Bernier’s Teal or Madagascar Teal - Anas bernieri - Sarcelle de Bernier

Bernier's Vanga - Oriolia bernieri - Oriolie de Bernier

Blue Coua - Coua caerulea – Coua bleu

Brown Emu-tail - Bradypterus brunneus - Droméocerque brun

Brown Mesite - Mesitornis unicolor - Mésite unicolore

Chabert’s Vanga - Leptopterus chabert - Artamie chabert

Collared Nightjar - Gactornis enarratus - Engoulevent à nuque rousse

Common Jery - Neomixis tenella - Petite éroesse

Common Newtonia - Newtonia brunneicauda - Newtonie commune

Common Sunbird-Asity - Neodrepanis coruscans - Philépitte souimanga

Coquerel's Coua - Coua coquereli - Coua de Coquerel

Crested Coua - Coua cristata - Coua huppé

Crossley’s Vanga - Mystacornis crossleyi - Mystacorne de Crossley

Cryptic Warbler - Cryptosylvicola randrianasoloi - Cryptofauvette de Madagascar

Dark Newtonia - Newtonia amphichroa - Newtonie sombre

Dusky Tetraka - Xanthomixis tenebrosa - Bulbul obscur

Forest Fody - Foudia omissa - Foudi de forêt

Giant Coua - Coua gigas - Coua géant

Green Jery - Neomixis viridis - Eroesse verte

Grey-crowned Tetraka - Xanthomixis cinereiceps - Bulbul à tête grise

Grey Emu-tail - Amphilais seebohmi - Amphilaïs tachetée

Grey-headed Lovebird - Agapornis canus - Inséparable à tête grise

Helmet Vanga - Euryceros prevostii - Eurycère de Prévost

Henst’s Goshawk - Accipiter henstii - Autour de Henst

Hook-billed Vanga - Vanga curvirostris - Vanga écorcheur

Humblot’s Heron - Ardea humbloti - Héron de Humblot

Lafresnaye's Vanga - Xenopirostris xenopirostris - Vanga de Lafresnaye

Littoral Rock Thrush - Monticola imerina - Monticole du littoral

Long-billed Bernieria - Bernieria madagascariensis - Bulbul tétraka

Long-tailed Ground-Roller - Uratelornis chimaera - Brachyptérolle à longue queue

Madagascan Blue Pigeon - Alectroenas madagascariensis - Founingo bleu

Madagascan Cuckoo - Cuculus rochii - Coucou de Madagascar

Madagascan Cuckoo-Hawk - Aviceda madagascariensis - Baza malgache

Madagascan Fish-Eagle - Haliaeetus vociferoides - Pygargue de Madagascar

Madagascan Flufftail - Sarothrura insularis - Râle insulaire

Madagascan Grebe - Tachybaptus pelzelnii - Grèbe malgache

Madagascan Hoopoe - Upupa marginata - Huppe de Madagascar

Madagascan Jacana - Actophilornis albinucha - Jacana malgache

Madagascan Lark - Eremopterix hova - Alouette malgache

Madagascan Mannikin - Lepidopygia nana - Capucin de Madagascar

Madagascan Owl - Asio madagascariensis - Hibou malgache

Madagascan Partridge - Margaroperdix madagarensis - Caille de Madagascar

Madagascan Plover - Charadrius thoracicus - Gravelot à bandeau noir

Madagascan Pochard - Aythya innotata - Fuligule de Madagascar

Madagascan Rail - Rallus madagascariensis - Râle de Madagascar

Madagascan Sandgrouse - Pterocles personatus - Ganga masqué

Madagascan Serpent-Eagle - Eutriorchis astur - Serpentaire de Madagascar

Madagascan Snipe - Gallinago macrodactyla - Bécassine malgache

Madagascan Sparrowhawk - Accipiter madagascariensis - Epervier de Madagascar

Madagascan Starling - Hartlaubius auratus - Etourneau malgache

Madagascan Swamp-Warbler - Acrocephalus newtoni - Rousserolle de Newton

Madagascan Wagtail - Motacilla flaviventris - Bergeronnette malgache

Madagascan Wood Rail - Canirallus kioloides - Râle à gorge blanche

Madagascan Yellowbrow - Crossleyia xanthophrys - Oxylabe à sourcils jaunes

Madagascar Blue Vanga - Cyanolanius madagascarinus - Artamie azurée

Madagascar Buttonquail - Turnix nigricollis - Turnix de Madagascar

Madagascar Buzzard - Buteo brachypterus - Buse de Madagascar

Madagascar Crested Ibis - Lophotibis cristata - Ibis huppé

Madagascar Harrier-Hawk - Polyboroides radiatus - Gymnogène de Madagascar

Madagascar Magpie-Robin - Copsychus albospecularis - Shama de Madagascar

Madagascar Pratincole - Glareola ocularis - Glaréole malgache

Madagascar Pygmy-Kingfisher - Corythornis madagascariensis - Martin-pêcheur malgache

Madagascar Red Owl - Tyto soumagnei - Effraie de Soumagne

Meller’s Duck - Anas melleri - Canard de Meller

Nelicourvi Weaver - Ploceus nelicourvi - Tisserin nélicourvi

Nuthatch Vanga - Hypositta corallirostris - Hypositte malgache

Pitta-like Ground-Roller - Atelornis pittoides - Brachyptérolle pittoïde

Pollen’s Vanga - Xenopirostris polleni - Vanga de Pollen

Rainforest Scops-Owl - Otus rutilus - Petit-duc Malgache

Rand's Warbler - Randia pseudozosterops - Randie malgache

Red-breasted Coua - Coua serriana - Coua de Serrès (ou de Serre)

Red-capped Coua - Coua ruficeps - Coua à tête rousse

Red Fody - Foudia madagascariensis - Foudi rouge

Red-fronted Coua - Coua reynaudii - Coua de Reynaud

Red-shouldered Vanga - Calicalicus rufocarpalis - Calicalic à épaulettes

Red-tailed Newtonia - Newtonia fanovanae - Newtonie de Fanovana

Red-tailed Vanga - Calicalus madagascariensis - Calicalic malgache

Rufous-headed Ground-Roller - Atelornis crossleyi - Brachyptérolle de Crossley

Rufous Vanga - Schetba rufa - Schetbé roux

Running Coua - Coua cursor – Coua coureur

Sakalava Rail - Amaurornis olivieri - Râle d’Olivier

Sakalava Weaver - Ploceus sakalava - Tisserin sakalave

Scaly Ground-Roller - Geobiastes squamiger - Brachyptérolle écaillé

Schlegel’s Asity - Philepitta schlegeli - Philépitte de Schlegel

Short-legged Ground-roller - Brachypteracias leptosomus - Brachyptérolle leptosome

Sickle-billed Vanga - Falculea palliata - Falculie mantelée

Slender-billed Flufftail - Sarothrura watersi - Râle de Waters

Spectacled Tetraka - Xanthomixis zosterops - Bulbul à bec court

Stripe-throated Jery - Neomixis striatigula - Grande Eroesse

Subdesert Brush-Warbler - Nesillas lantzii - Nésille de Lantz

Subdesert Mesite - Monias benschi - Mésite monias

Thamnornis - Thamnornis chloropetoides - Nésille kiritika

Torotoroka Scops-Owl - Otus madagascariensis - Petit-duc torotoroka

Tsingy Wood Rail - Canirallus beankaensis - Râle des Tsingy

Tylas Vanga - Tylas eduardi - Tylas à tête noire

Van Dam’s Vanga - Xenopirostris damii - Vanga de Van Dam

Velvet Asity - Philepitta castanea - Philépitte veloutée

Verreaux’s Coua - Coua verreauxi - Coua de Verreaux

Ward’s Flycatcher - Pseudobias wardi - Bias de Ward

Wedge-tailed Tetraka (or Jery) - Hartertula flavoviridis - Eréonesse à queue étagée

White-breasted Mesite - Mesitornis variegatus - Mésite variée

White-browed Hawk-Owl - Ninox superciliaris - Ninoxe à sourcils blancs

White-headed Vanga - Artamella viridis - Artamie à tête blanche

White-throated Oxylabes - Oxylabes madagascariensis - Oxylabe à gorge blanche

Yellow-bellied Sunbird-Asity - Neodrepanis hypoxantha - Philépitte de Salomonsen


Related articles:

Family Brachypteraciidae

Family Mesitornithidae

Family Philepittidae

Family Vangidae

Family Bernieridae

Family Cuculidae - Subfamily Phaenicophaeinae: malkohas and couas





Madagascar is a large island of 590,000 km² in the Indian Ocean, about 450 kilometres from Mozambique east coast. Numerous plants and animals are unique to this area and evolve in relative isolation, involving a high degree of endemism unique on Earth.

A narrow, steep escarpment containing parts of the tropical lowland forest runs along the eastern coast. To the west of this ridge, the central plateau ranges from 750 and 1,500 metres of elevation. This region is the most densely populated part of the island with the historic capital of Antananarivo. This area is characterized by terraced rice-growing valleys between grassy hills and patches of tropical moist broadleaf forest. To the west of the highlands, the arid terrain slopes down to the Mozambique Channel and mangrove swamps along the coast.

The island highest point is Maromokotro with 2,876 metres, followed by Boby Peak with 2,658 metres and Tsiafajavona with 2,643 metres.
A chain of man-made and natural lakes connected by canals runs parallel to the east coast over about 600 kilometres. The dry deciduous forest, spiny forest, desert and xeric shrubland occurs in western and southern sides.

Madagascar has two seasons: a hot, rainy season from November to April with distinctive cyclones, and a cooler and drier season from May to October. The Indian Ocean provides moisture over the eastern coast and supports the rain forest ecosystem. The central plateau is drier and cooler, whereas the west is much drier. Southwest and southern interior have semi-arid climate.

Over 110 bird species are endemic, with five bird families unique to Madagascar: the mesites, the ground-rollers, the asities and the vangas. From a recent study, the Malagasy warblers could be grouped together in a new endemic family.

As the result of a long isolation, Madagascar has a unique endemic fauna. However, this fauna is threatened by massive deforestation, but numerous national parks and protected reserves provide shelter to a wide array of wildlife.
Madagascar has lost more than 80% of the original forest since humans arrived. Deforestation is the main cause of extinction of numerous bird species, mammals and reptiles, involving the increase of illegal wildlife trade. Madagascar’s wildlife is today threatened by demands from global markets and from the growing needs of local population.          

Text by Nicole Bouglouan

Sources of the text:

One World Nations Online - Madagascar

Zoothera Birding – Madagascar, island of Endemics

The Natural History of Endemic Families and Sub-families of Birds of Madagascar

Africa facts

WWF – Madagascar

Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia

Yellow-bellied Sunbird-Asity

Alan & Ann Tate
AA Bird Photography