Tasmanian Native-Hen

Patrick Ingremeau



Tasmania is part of the Commonwealth of Australia. It is located 240 kilometres to S of Australian continent, both being separated by the Bass Strait. The island area is 68,000 square kilometres, and the main islands covers 62,400 square kilometres. It is surrounded by Indian and Pacific Oceans.

Tasmania is the most mountainous state of Australia, and the highest peak is Mount Ossa at 1,617 metres of elevation.
Most of Tasmania is densely forested, and holds some of the last temperate rain forests in the Southern Hemisphere. There is a great numbers of rivers too, most of them begin in the Central Highlands and flow out to the coast. The human settlements are mainly situated around the estuaries.

Tasmania has four distinct seasons and cool temperate climate with a strong winter maximum in rainfall. The east coast is wetter with heavier rainfall, evenly distributed over the year. However, the east coast also benefits from sun.

Tasmania has unique flora and fauna. The vegetation includes grassland and tall evergreen eucalypt forest, alpine heathlands, large areas of cool temperate rainforests and moorlands.


There are 12 endemic bird species:

Black Currawong - Strepera fuliginosa - Réveilleur noir

Black-headed Honeyeater - Melithreptus affinis - Méliphage à tête noire

Dusky Robin - Melanodryas vittata - Miro de Tasmanie

Forty-spotted Pardalote - Pardalotus quadragintus - Pardalote de Tasmanie

Green Rosella - Platycercus caledonicus -  Perruche à ventre jaune

Scrubtit - Acanthornis magnus -  Séricorne de Tasmanie

Strong-billed Honeyeater - Melithreptus validirostris - Méliphage à bec fort

Tasmanian Native-Hen - Gallinula mortierii – Gallinule de Tasmanie

Tasmanian Scrubwren - Sericornis humilis - Séricorne brun

Tasmanian Thornbill - Acanthiza ewingii - Acanthize de Tasmanie

Yellow-throated Honeyeater - Lichenostomus flavicollis - Méliphage à gorge jaune

Yellow Wattlebird - Anthochaera paradoxa - Méliphage à pendeloques


The Emu, endemic subspecies Tasmanian Emu is extinct.

The Wedge-tailed Eagle, subspecies Aquila audax fleayi, is a threatened endemic subspecies.



Patrick Ingremeau


Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia

Avibase (Lepage Denis)

BirdLife International (BirdLife International)

Parcs & Wildlife Service