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Sri Lanka is an island in the N Indian Ocean, off the southern coast of the Indian Subcontinent in S Asia. 
This large drop-shaped island enjoys a tropical climate and consists mainly of coastal plains, whereas the mountains are in the SC part of the island, rising up to 2,524 metres of elevation. The island receives rain and periodic squalls, and tropical cyclones sometimes sweep across these beautiful landscapes.  

Sri Lanka is a small country, but it is home to the highest biodiversity density in Asia. With numerous endemic species, as well among the flora as the fauna, several wildlife reserves allow to see a wide range of native flowers, mammals and birds.

More than 430 bird species are living in Sri Lanka, with about 230 residents and among them, 26 endemic species according to the classification. Their distribution is mainly determined by climatic zones, and most of these endemic birds are confined to the wet and the hill zones, with a few extending into the dry area.


Sri Lanka endemic bird species:

Ashy-headed Laughingthrush - Garrulax cinereifrons - Garrulaxe à tête cendrée

Black-crested Bulbul - Pycnonotus melanicterus - Bulbul à tête noire

Brown-capped Babbler - Pellorneum fuscocapillus - Akalat à calotte brune

Chestnut-backed Owlet - Glaucidium castanotum - Chevêchette à dos marron

Dull-blue Flycatcher - Eumyias sordidus - Gobemouche de Ceylan

Layard's Parakeet - Psittacula calthropae - Perruche de Layard

Orange-billed Babbler - Turdoides rufescens - Cratérope de Ceylan

Red-faced Malkoha - Phaenicophaeus pyrrhocephalus - Malcoha à face rouge

Serendib Scops-owl - Otus thilohoffmanni - Petit-duc de Sérendip

Spot-winged Thrush - Geokichla spiloptera - Grive à ailes tachetées

Sri Lanka Blue Magpie - Urocissa ornata - Pirolle de Ceylan

Sri Lanka Bush Warbler - Elaphrornis palliseri - Bouscarle de Ceylan

Sri Lanka Grey Hornbill - Ocyceros gingalensis - Calao de Ceylan

Sri Lanka Hanging Parrot - Loriculus beryllinus - Coryllis de Ceylan

Sri Lanka Junglefowl - Gallus lafayetii - Coq de Lafayette

Sri Lanka Myna - Gracula ptilogenys - Mainate de Ceylan

Sri Lanka Scaly Thrush -Zoothera imbricata - Grive du Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka Spurfowl - Galloperdix bicalcarata – Galloperdrix de Ceylan

Sri Lanka Whistling Thrush - Myophonus blighi - Arrenga de Ceylan

Sri Lanka White-eye -Zosterops ceylonensis - Zostérops de Ceylan

Sri Lanka Wood-pigeon - Columba torringtoniae - Pigeon de Ceylan

White-browed Scimitar-babbler - Pomatorhinus schisticeps - Pomatorhin à tête ardoise

White-faced Starling - Sturnornis albofrontatus - Étourneau de Ceylan

White-throated Flowerpecker - Dicaeum vincens - Dicée de Ceylan

Yellow-eared Bulbul - Pycnonotus penicillatus - Bulbul oreillard

Yellow-fronted Barbet - Megalaima flavifrons – Barbu à front d’or


Sources :

Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia

Avibase (Lepage Denis)

BirdLife International (BirdLife International)