Fiji or Republic of Fiji is an archipelago in Melanesia in the South Pacific Ocean, about 2,000 kilometres northeast of North Island in New Zealand.
Fiji includes more than 330 islands of which 110 are permanently inhabited and more than 500 islets, covering a land area of about 18,300 km² and 194,000 km² of water. Most of the population lives on the two major islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu.  

Most islands were formed through volcanic activity. They are mountainous, and Mount Tomanivi on Viti Levu is the highest peak with 1,324 metres. The main river systems have their headwaters in the central mountain area. There is a significant proportion of high-altitude montane forest, an important habitat for birds and other biodiversity.

The climate is warm year round, with warmer season from November to April experiencing heavy rainfall, and cooler period from May to October with 22°C in average. Cyclones occur about once a year.

There are currently 177 bird species living in Fiji islands, but the Collared Lory is the National Bird of Fiji. Its bright-coloured plumage is reminiscent of both flowers and vegetation growing on these enchanting islands.

Text by Nicole Bouglouan

Sources :

Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia

Birds and Birdwatching – Kadavu Island, Fiji

The Fiji Islands - A Geographical Overview

Fiji's Virtually Undiscovered Islands At The World’s Frontier


List of endemic bird species:


Azure-crested Flycatcher - Myiagra azureocapilla - Monarque à crête bleue

Barking Imperial Pigeon - Ducula latrans - Carpophage de Peale

Collared Lory - Phigys solitarius – Lori des Fidji

Crimson Shining-Parrot - Prosopeia splendens - Perruche écarlate   

Fiji Bush-warbler - Horornis ruficapilla - Bouscarle des Fidji

Fiji Goshawk - Accipiter rufitorques - Autour des Fidji

Fiji Parrotfinch - Erythrura pealii - Diamant de Peale

Fiji Petrel - Pseudobulweria macgillivrayi - Pétrel des Fidji

Fiji White-eye - Zosterops explorator - Zosterops des Fidji

Fiji Woodswallow - Artamus mentalis - Langrayen des Fidji

Giant Honeyeater - Gymnomyza brunneirostris - Méliphage de Viti Levu

Golden Fruit Dove - Ptilinopus luteovirens - Ptilope jaune

Kadavu Fantail - Rhipidura personata - Rhipidure de Kandavu

Kadavu Honeyeater - Xanthotis provocator - Méliphage de Kandavu

Kikau - Foulehaio procerior - Méliphage d’Ovalau

Long-legged Thicketbird - Megalurulus rufus - Mégalure des Fidji

Masked Shining-Parrot - Prosopeia personata - Perruche masquée

Natewa Silktail - Lamprolia klinesmithi - Lamprolie de Vanua Levu

Orange Fruit Dove - Ptilinopus victor - Ptilope orange

Pink-billed Parrotfinch - Erythrura kleinschmidti - Diamant à bec rose 

Red Shining-Parrot - Prosopeia tabuensis - Perruche Pompadour

Red-throated Lorikeet - Charmosyna amabilis - Lori à gorge rouge

Rotuma Myzomela - Myzomela chermesina - Myzomèle de Rotuma    

Silktail - Lamprolia victoriae -  Lamprolie queue-de-soie

Slaty Monarch - Mayrornis lessoni - Monarque de Lesson

Sulphur-breasted Myzomela - Myzomela jugularis - Myzomèle des Fidji    

Versicolored Monarch - Mayrornis versicolor - Monarque versicolore   

Whistling Fruit-Dove - Ptilinopus layardi - Ptilope de Layard

Yellow-billed Honeyeater - Gymnomyza viridis - Méliphage vert


Sources: Avibase (Lepage Denis)


Collared Lory

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