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Common Pheasant
Phasianus colchicus

Galliforme Order – Phasianidae Family

BIOMETRICS:
Length: M : 75-89 cm – F : 53-62 cm
Wingspan: 70-90 cm
Weight: M: 770-1990 g – F: 545-1450 g

DESCRIPTION:
Common Pheasant adult male (or cock) has rich chestnut plumage, with golden-brown, black and pale blue markings on body. The very long tail is golden-brown barred with black. The lower back varies from chestnut, to pale blue and purple.  
Underparts are golden-chestnut with dark markings. Vent and undertail coverts are dark chestnut.

Fr: Faisan de Colchide
All : Fasan
Esp : Faisán Vulgar
Ital : Fagiano comune
Nd : Fazant
Russe : Фазан
Sd : Fasan

Photographers :

Tom Grey
Tom Grey's Bird Pictures

Tom Merigan
Tom Merigan’s Photo Galleries

Bob Moul
Nature Photography

Jean Michel Peers
JMPN PHOTOGRAPHIE

Yves Thonnérieux
NATUR’AILES

Nicole Bouglouan
PHOTOGRAPHIC RAMBLE

Text by Nicole Bouglouan

Sources :

HANDBOOK OF THE BIRDS OF THE WORLD Vol 2 by Josep del Hoyo-Andrew Elliot-Jordi Sargatal - Lynx Edicions - ISBN: 8487334156

THE HANDBOOK OF BIRD IDENTIFICATION FOR EUROPE AND THE WESTERN PALEARCTIC by Mark Beaman, Steve Madge - C.Helm - ISBN: 0713639601

THE COMPLETE BOOK OF BRITISH BIRDS – Written by “Royal Society for the Protection of Birds” experts - Préface de Magnus Magnusson - Michael Cady- Rob Hume Editors - ISBN: 0749509112  

L’ENCYCLOPEDIE MONDIALE DES OISEAUX - Dr Christopher M. Perrins -  BORDAS - ISBN: 2040185607

Citation: Hennache, A. & Ottaviani, M. (2005). Monographie des faisans, volume 1. Edition W.P.A. France, Clères, France. ISBN: 2-9512467-1-4

Citation: Hennache, A. & Ottaviani, M. (2006). Monographie des faisans, volume 2. Edition W.P.A. France, Clères, France.ISBN: 2-9512467-2-2

"Les auteurs renoncent à leurs droits d'auteurs pour que la vente de cet ouvrage, publié par la World Pheasant Association, soit destinée à soutenir des projets de conservation."

Avibase (Lepage Denis)

Wikipedia (Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia)

ARKive (Christopher Parsons)

 

Home page

Page Pheasants

Summary cards

 

Head and neck are deep green with dark blue iridescences. A greenish-grey glossy patch covers the top of the head, tapering to a point on the nape. We can see a white collar around the neck.  

Face shows red facial wattles and green tufted “ears”. The strong bill is whitish. Eyes are golden. Legs and feet are dark grey.

Female is smaller, with shorter tail and sandy colours. She has paler brown plumage, mottled dark brown and black.
Underparts are sandy white, slightly scaled on throat and breast with pale brown. Eyes are dull yellow. Bill is two tones, whitish and blackish. 

Juvenile resembles adult female, but smaller, with shorter tail.

We have a great variety of sub-species which differ in tones of plumage colours. Among others:
Phasianus colchicus torquatus, coming from eastern Chine.
Phasianus colchicus colchicus, coming from Transcaucasia and east and southeast of Black Sea.
And a great diversity of typical and dusky forms (melanistic).
Melanistic forms are the result of bred with the green Phasianus versicolor from Japan.

VOICE: SOUNDS BY XENO-CANTO
Common Pheasant male gives a crowing advertising call, a harsh, scraping “ko-KOK”, with head pointed upwards. It may perform at the same time a brief whir of wings in spring.
When suddenly flushed, both male and female utter a rapid, harsh “kuk-uk, kuk-uk, kuk-uk, kuk-uk”.

HABITAT:
Common Pheasant frequents farmlands, open lands with shrubby cover, woodland edges, open woodlands, from lowlands to mountain foothills.

RANGE:
Common Pheasant is native to India, Southeast Asia and China. Species have been introduced elsewhere, and they are bred to be hunted in great numbers. Common Pheasant is a game bird in all parts of the world where it is living. This species is resident in its range.

BEHAVIOUR:
In its native areas, Common Pheasant lives in open forests or meadows. But this opportunistic bird feeding on various seeds, fruits and insects is now well adapted to other habitats, such as cultivated areas.

It has stout bill and strong legs with four-toed clawed feet, adapted to scratch for food in the ground. Male may have spurs, used for dominance when they fight.

Male is polygamous. Its beautiful plumage attracts the females, and it may have up to 18 in one harem. Females feed with the territorial male for up to six weeks, in order to build up fat reserves for nesting. Male is vigilant over females, protecting then from predators and other males.

During courtship displays, male runs around each female with near wing trailing on the ground, twisting over its tail, and inflating its facial wattles in order to expose its finery. Once females start to incubate, male ignores them.  

But its colours attract the predators too, such as foxes and stoats, whereas female and young are protected by their dull plumage. 

If it is alarmed, Common Pheasant prefers to run rather to fly from danger. It roosts in trees at night.    

FLIGHT:
Common Pheasant can fly swiftly, but it is not able to sustain the flight over long distances. This species has short rounded wings and long pointed tails, very conspicuous in flight. The take-off is noisy.
Their flight speed is 43 to 60 km/h, but they can fly up to 95 km/h when chased.  

REPRODUCTION:
The nesting period occurs from March to August, with a peak in April-June.
Common Pheasant’s nest is a shallow scratched-out depression of twigs, grass and rootlets. It is lined with grass or leaves, and usually well hidden into vegetation, giving it domed appearance.

Female lays about 8 to 14 olive-brown eggs. Incubation lasts about 22 to 25 days, by female alone. Chicks are precocial, and leave the nest immediately. They are able to perform short flights at 12 to 14 days of age, but they are dependent on insect food in the first two weeks after hatching. They fledge at about 8 to 11 weeks.
This species produces one brood per season.

DIET:
Common Pheasant feeds on cereal grains, seeds, buds, leaves, fruits and some invertebrates.

PROTECTION / THREATS / STATUS:
Common Pheasant is the most widespread and common pheasant in the world. Millions of birds are reared each year in Europe and North America for release in sport hunting.
It may be common or very abundant in many parts where it has been introduced.
However, at least 15 species of pheasants are endangered and threatened by both overhunting and habitat loss.