The very rare Magenta Petrel

Otto Plantema
Trips around the world

CHATHAM ISLANDS’ ENDEMIC BIRD SPECIES

 

The Chatham Islands form an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean, about 680 kilometres SE of New Zealand. There are about ten islands, Chatham, Pitt, South East, The Fort, Little Mangere, Star Keys, The Sisters and the Forty-Fours Islands.
Only the largest islands Chatham and Pitt are inhabited and the tourism is increasing.
The archipelago covers a total of more than 950 square kilometres, but the two main islands cover almost all the area.

The coast includes cliffs and sand dunes, beaches and lagoons. The islands are mostly hilly. Chatham has several streams.

These islands have cold, wet and windy climate, with temperatures between 5 and 10°C in July, during the Southern Hemisphere winter.

The vegetation includes forest, scrubby heath and swamps, but most of the land has become pasture. The islands are home to about 50 endemic plant species adapted to cold and wind.

Huge flocks of seabirds breed there, and some birds are endemic species. Several of them are yet extinct, others are threatened by forest clearance for farming, introduced predators and human disturbances.
However, smaller islands of the archipelago such as The Fort and South East Island, are recovering after removing the livestock.

    

Endemic bird species :

Black Robin or Chatham Island Robin - Petroica traversi - Miro des Chatham

Chatham Island Albatross - Thalassarche eremita - Albatros des Chatham

Chatham Island Gerygone (Warbler) – Gerygone albofrontata - Gérygone des Chatham

Chatham Island Oystercatcher – Haematopus chathamensis -  Huîtrier des Chatham

Chatham (Island) Parakeet – Cyanoramphus forbesi – Perruche des Chatham

Chatham Island Pigeon – Hemiphaga chathamensis – Carpophage des Chatham

Chatham (Island) Shag – Leucocarbo onslowi – Cormoran des Chatham

Chatham Petrel - Pterodroma axillaris - Pétrel des Chatham

Chatham (Island) Snipe – Coenocorypha pusilla - Bécassine des Chatham

Magenta Petrel - Pterodroma magentae – Pétrel de Magenta

Pitt Island Shag – Phalacrocorax featherstoni – Cormoran de Featherston

Shore Plover (Dotterel) – Thinornis novaeseelandiae - Pluvier de Nouvelle-Zélande

 

Endemic bird species country/region:

Buller's Shearwater - Puffinus bulleri - Puffin de Buller

Cook's Petrel - Pterodroma cookii - Pétrel de Cook

Grey Gerygone or Grey Warbler - Gerygone igata - Gérygone de Nouvelle- Zélande

Long-tailed Cuckoo or Koel - Urodynamis taitensis - Coucou de Nouvelle Zélande

New Zealand Robin - Petroica australis - Miro rubisole

Spotted Shag - Phalacrocorax punctatus - Cormoran moucheté

Red-billed Gull - Chroicocephalus scopulinus - Mouette scopuline

Tomtit - Petroica macrocephala - Miro mésange

Tui - Prosthemadera novaeseelandiae - Méliphage tui ou Tui cravate-frisée

Westland Petrel - Procellaria westlandica - Pétrel du Westland

White-fronted Tern - Sterna striata - Sterne tara

 

Photographer for this page :

Otto Plantema
Trips around the world

Text by Nicole Bouglouan

Sources:

A Complete Guide to Antarctic Wildlife by Hadoram Shirihai and Illustrated by Brett Jarrett - Edited by Guy M. Kirwan - ALUL.A Press Oy, Finland - ISBN 9519894705

Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia

Avibase (Lepage Denis)

BirdLife International (BirdLife International)

Department of Conservation - Animals of the Chatham Islands

Terra nature

 

LANDSCAPES

AND

VEGETATION